what if the ball was to bounch, and come up and hit the batter, is it just a "ball" or does he take his base?
That's a hit batter and the ball is dead on the spot. the batter is awarded first base and all runners advance if forced.
This play took place last year at a Legion game that I was watching. The batter took first, R1 advanced to second and as R1 step'd on second he took his foot off the bag - just for a moment, to check out his spikes or something when the second baseman came behind him (R1) and tag'd him - claiming he was off the bag.
The base umpire incorrectly called him out .. but the UIC (plate ump) reconciled the play by saying that the ball was DEAD and he (UIC) had not called "PLAY".
It was hard for me to understand at that level of play - the problems that one play had on the tempo and complextion of the game. The base umpire had no credibility - he was second guessed at every turn, the team that didn't get the out call had two players tossed becuase of unsportsmenship remarks to that same base umpire, the plate umpire had problems calling strikes and balls becuase he was accused of favoring the other team, and on it went.
Knowing the rules of the game is basic stuff for those going up the ranks. Practice your velocity and location all you want - if you're shaking in the rules - you're in big trouble.